Szerző: Zoltán Ginelli

Zoltán Ginelli is a geographer and historian of science. His research is in the geographies of knowledge, the history of geography, and global and transnational history. His main focus is on the historical relations between Eastern Europe and the Global South/Third World in the 19th and 20th centuries, including topics such as development and regional planning, (post)colonialism and racism, Cold War foreign policy, and travel writing. He lectured at various universities and colleges, and worked as an assistant researcher in the 1989 After 1989 and Socialism Goes Global projects at the University of Exeter (2015–2019). His current project, Postcolonial Hungary explores Hungarian semiperipheral colonial history from a world-systemic perspective. He is curating the exhibition Transperiphery Movement: Global Eastern Europe and Global South, and finishing his book based on 7 years of research about the global history of the quantitative revolution in geography. zginelli@gmail.com
Tovább

The ‘Ghana Job’: Opening Semiperipheral Hungary to the Postcolonial World

This paper follows a world-systemic and decolonial approach to investigate Hungarian semiperipheral positioning strategies in global colonial history by looking at the interactions and converging interests of Hungary and Ghana in the early 1960s. The paper focuses on József Bognár, a hugely important but forgotten political figure in socialist era Hungarian economics and foreign economic policy-making. In 1963, Bognár founded a government think tank, the Centre for AfroAsian Research (CAAR) at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (renamed in 1973 as the Institute for World Economy). The institute evolved out of Bognár’s “Ghana job”: Ghanaian president Kwame Nkrumah, on the occasion of his Eastern European round-trip in 1961, asked Bognár to develop Ghana’s First Seven-Year Plan.

Tovább

Hungarian Race for Anti-Colonial Recognition in the Third World

This paper overviews three case studies on how Hungarians opened to Afro-Asian decolonization and the emerging Non-Aligned Third World between the mid-1950s and early 1960s. The first case is ex-premier Ferenc Nagy’s anti-communist criticism of “Soviet colonialism” influencing the first Afro-Asian conference in Bandung (1955); the second is István Bibó and Árpád Göncz opting for non-alignment and seeking aid from India during the 1956 revolution; the third is József Bognár’s attempt at development planning in Ghana and the wider Third World. The paper explores how former Smallholders’ Party members pursued different political paths ultimately connected by attempts of forming anti-colonial alliances, and how Hungarian postwar political agendas globalized to translate and connect to the postcolonial world. Finally, it asks why these Hungarian interactions are missing from the global history of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Tovább

‘Hungarian Negro’: Race and Coloniality in Interwar Hungarian Literature

The paper aims to contest the ‘Cold War paradigm’ by interpreting deeper connections to the anti-Semitic interwar era within global colonialism. This paper provides an overview by focusing on three different Hungarian cases from the art and documentary exhibition “Transperiphery Movement: Global Eastern Europe and Global South”: the Hungarian reception of René Maran’s Batouala (1921) which was translated by the famous writer Dezső Kosztolányi, Illés Kaczér’s Ikongo Will Not Die (1936) which is considered as the first Hungarian ‘negro novel’, and Miklós Radnóti’s poetry and translations inspired by African culture. It asks why and how these authors and writings were either completely forgotten or repositioned to demonstrate socialist era anti-colonialism and anti-racist solidarity with the postcolonial countries of the Third World.

Tovább

About me

Zoltán Ginelli is a geographer and historian of science. His research is in the geographies of knowledge, the history of geography, and global and transnational history. His main focus is on the historical relations between Eastern Europe and the Global South/Third World in the 19th and 20th centuries, including topics such as development and regional planning, (post)colonialism and racism, Cold War foreign policy, and travel writing. He lectured at various universities and colleges, and worked as an assistant researcher in the 1989 After 1989 and Socialism Goes Global projects at the University of Exeter (2015–2019). His current project, Postcolonial Hungary explores Hungarian semiperipheral colonial history from a world-systemic perspective. He is curating the exhibition Transperiphery Movement: Global Eastern Europe and Global South, and finishing his book based on 7 years of research about the global history of the quantitative revolution in geography.

Photo: Dániel Borovi

Tovább

Földrajz, holokauszt és gyarmatosítás

Az 1950-es évek közepétől a földrajztudomány a második világháborút megnyerő természettudományok presztízsét követte, és egy matematizált, modellező, regionális tervező tudománnyá vált. Ez az ún. „kvantitatív forradalom” a győztes USA-ból indult hódító útjára, mégpedig a világháborús katonai-ipari konjunktúra okozta tudományos forradalom lendületével, amely az USA globális tudományos hegemóniájához vezetett.

A két világháború közti német telephely-elméleteket, mint Christallerét is, aztán az amerikaiak globalizálták, ezzel párhuzamosan viszont saját felfogásaikat egyetemesítették, elfedve az általuk alkalmazott tudás európai és tágabb kontextusait. Készülő könyvem a christalleri elmélet tudásföldrajzának feltárására vállalkozik, és rávilágít arra, hogy a „kvantitatív forradalom” amerikai tudáshegemóniát legitimáló, technokrata megközelítése hogyan fedte el és depolitizálta az elmélet összefonódásait a gyarmati erőszakkal és a holokauszttal.

Tovább

Hogyan Lehetne elmesélni Magyarország történelmét nem a Nyugat felől elgondolva?

“Hogyan fér össze a magyar történelem mindenki által jól ismert elbeszéléseivel a dél-amerikai magyar telepesek vagy a Magyarországon dolgozó kubai munkások története? Mi köze volt Indiának az 1956-os magyar forradalom eseményeihez, vagy Radnóti Miklósnak a pánafrikai irodalomhoz? Hogyan függ össze a magyar underground képzőművészet, az Artpool munkássága a latin-amerikai konceptuális művészettel az 1980-as években? Ezekkel és számos hasonló kérdéssel foglalkozik a Transzperiféria Mozgalom kiállítása, amit az OFF-Biennále keretében május 30-ig lehet megnézni a Fészek Művészklubban, illetve követni a kiállítás folyamatosan frissülő honlapján.”