Kategória: Conference

Tovább

Hungarian Race for Anti-Colonial Recognition in the Third World

This paper overviews three case studies on how Hungarians opened to Afro-Asian decolonization and the emerging Non-Aligned Third World between the mid-1950s and early 1960s. The first case is ex-premier Ferenc Nagy’s anti-communist criticism of “Soviet colonialism” influencing the first Afro-Asian conference in Bandung (1955); the second is István Bibó and Árpád Göncz opting for non-alignment and seeking aid from India during the 1956 revolution; the third is József Bognár’s attempt at development planning in Ghana and the wider Third World. The paper explores how former Smallholders’ Party members pursued different political paths ultimately connected by attempts of forming anti-colonial alliances, and how Hungarian postwar political agendas globalized to translate and connect to the postcolonial world. Finally, it asks why these Hungarian interactions are missing from the global history of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Tovább

‘Hungarian Negro’: Race and Coloniality in Interwar Hungarian Literature

The paper aims to contest the ‘Cold War paradigm’ by interpreting deeper connections to the anti-Semitic interwar era within global colonialism. This paper provides an overview by focusing on three different Hungarian cases from the art and documentary exhibition “Transperiphery Movement: Global Eastern Europe and Global South”: the Hungarian reception of René Maran’s Batouala (1921) which was translated by the famous writer Dezső Kosztolányi, Illés Kaczér’s Ikongo Will Not Die (1936) which is considered as the first Hungarian ‘negro novel’, and Miklós Radnóti’s poetry and translations inspired by African culture. It asks why and how these authors and writings were either completely forgotten or repositioned to demonstrate socialist era anti-colonialism and anti-racist solidarity with the postcolonial countries of the Third World.

Tovább

Decolonizing the Non-Colonizers? Historicizing Eastern Europe in Global Colonialism

What would it mean to ‘decolonize’ Eastern Europe? We aim to answer by situating Eastern Europe within broader colonial, anti-colonial and decolonial projects, to understand how the region’s historically and geographically shifting relations to coloniality and race inform current political dynamics.

Call for Papers | American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting | Seattle, WA | April 7–11, 2021 | Virtual Session convened by Zoltán Ginelli and Jonathan McCombs

Uncertain Notes from the Semi-periphery

Public and academic discussions have completely ignored the fact that the recent wave of anti-racism and decololonization movements have sparked intensive reactions from Eastern European countries, including Hungary, for the first time. These reactions dominantly focused on Western events but never actually defined decolonialism, nor looked at the global, geographical implications of colonialism. In Hungary, the local relevance of racism and decolonialism has been framed in a rather reductive manner (anti-Semitism, conditions of Romas), and there have been no serious discussions about the country’s specific historical relations to global colonialism, or any criticism of Eurocentric and racist knowledge. The presentation explores these issues and argues for Hungarian relevance to decolonization, and introduces in this context the main concept of a forthcoming exhibition project, The Transperiphery Movement.

Tovább

Posztkoloniális Magyarország a rendszerváltás után

Hétfőn, július 8-án a Politikatörténeti Alapítvány és Intézet nyári egyetemén tartottam egy 25 perces előadást “A közép-kelet-európai rendszerváltások politikai gazdaságtani elemzése” panelben, “A magyar rendszerváltás a globális nyugat, kelet és dél történelmi viszonyában” című workshop keretében. Az előadásom arról szólt, hogy az 1989-es rendszerváltást, annak következményeit és emlékezetét miért érdemes posztkoloniális szemszögből vizsgálnunk. A fő állításom az volt, hogy a magyarországi gyarmati diskurzus és történelmi gyarmati tapasztalatok megértését a világrendszer-elemzési és posztkoloniális megközelítést összekapcsoló “félperifériás posztkolonialitás” fogalmán keresztül érthetjük meg. Ez a fogalom segít feltárni a globális centrum és periféria közötti, olykor egymásnak látszólag ellentmondó, de funkcionálisan mégis jellegzetesen félperifériás struktúrákat alkotó pozicionálási stratégiákat Magyarországon.