Colonia Hungaria: Hungarian Settlers and Colonial Imaginaries in Latin America in the Interwar Era

Imperial Legacies and the Colonial in Austria and Hungary, 1919–1944

In this contribution, we would like to present the main objectives and the first results of a transnational research project that we have just launched on Austrian and Hungarian relations to the non-European world in the inter-war period. The diplomatic, economic and cultural connections of both Austria and Hungary with Africa, Asia and Latin-America between 1918 and 1944 is a largely unexplored topic contrary to either the Cold War or the pre-1914 periods. These connections, however, were important for both countries which had to redefine their international roles after the dissolution of the common empire, and tried to refigure their economic and trade relationships and military-security cooperation following their relative isolation in the post-1918 international order. This transnational comparative approach seems a fruitful way to explore the differences and similarities in how the foreign policies of these two countries have addressed the legacies of empire through their changing international roles in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The comparative and transnational approach also sheds new light on the circulation of ideas between the two countries and helps us better understand their interconnectedness across the new state borders after 1918. The focus on the post-imperial history of Austria and Hungary finally also offers important new interpretive approaches to these countries’ later relationship with the Third World during the Cold War.

Programme

Organisation: Peter Apor (Research Center for the Humanities, Budapest), Eric Burton (Univ. Innsbruck), Lucile Dreidemy (Univ. Vienna)

VIENNA UNIVERSITY, 14 January (online)
Lounge Room, Währingerstrasse 29, 1090 Vienna
Contact: Lucile Dreidemy lucile.dreidemy@univie.ac.at

9.00-9.30 AM – WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION

1PM – LUNCH BREAK

11.30AM–1PM – INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND TRANSNATIONAL EXPERTISE

Balázs Ablonczy: Race in the Desert: Pál Teleki and The Role of the Transnational Expert in the Mosul Question, 1924-1925

Peter Becker: The League of Nations and the Successor States of the Habsburg Monarchy

2-4PM – COLONIAL IMAGINERIES

Zoltán Ginelli: Colonia Hungaria: Hungarian Settlers and Colonial Imaginaries in Latin America in the Interwar Era

Péter Apor: The Fulgurit: Fantasies of Empire in Hungarian Fiction in the Interwar Period

Anita Ziegerhofer: Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi’s Idea of Pan-Europe and the Question of Colonialism

4-5.30PM – COMMENT (WALTER SAUER) AND FINAL DISCUSSION

9.30-11AM – ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL INTERESTS IN LATIN AMERICA

Ursula Prutsch: Armaments Industries in the Late Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and the Search for New Markets after 1918

Mónika Szente-Varga: Diplomatic, Consular and Cultural Relations of Interwar Hungary with Mexico

Citation: Ginelli, Z. (2022): Colonia Hungaria: Hungarian Settlers and Colonial Imaginaries in Latin America in the Interwar Era. Paper for the Workshop Tackling Empire: Imperial Legacies and the Colonial in Austria and Hungary, 1918–1944. 14 January.